Active Ingredients: Hydroxyzine
The Atarax brand name has been discontinued in the U.
Catastrophes, sleep, and public policy: consensus report. Drugs and insomnia: consensus development conference summary Bethesda, Md. American Psychiatric Association.
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington. EEG sleep patterns as a function of normal and pathological aging in man.
J Psychiatr Res. Kales A, Kales JD. Sleep disorders: recent findings in the diagnosis and treatment of disturbed sleep. Moran MG, Stoudemire A.Appendix A-Pharmacotherapy Donald R.
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Prodromes and precursors: epidemiologic data for primary prevention of disorders with slow onset. Rascol et al, 1989. Flunarizine however is also a dopamine blocker, and cinnarizine an antihistamine.
According to Soto et al the most commonly used calcium channel blockers for vertigo are nimodipine, nitrendipine long lasting and verapamil.
Other long lasting dihydropyridines such as amlodipine, felodipine, nicardipine and nifedipine are seldom used.
This use of verapamil for vertigo has not been studied or approved in the US. Nimodipine, however, has recently been reported to be effective as prophylaxis of Menieres.
In the US, our experience is that only verapamil is used to any great extent. Gabapentin is also a calcium channel blocker it is not a GABA agonist in spite of the name. Diuretics Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as acetazolamide are commonly used to treat episodic ataxia, and are rarely used for Meniere's disease.