Active Ingredients: Ciprofloxacin
L-acetylcarnitine, instead, the addition of L-carnitine in samples to be cryopreservation improves significantly sperm quality. Prescription of antibiotics on admission 84.
Further studies are needed to confirm this conclusion. Incubation with MYO results in an increased sperm motility and in a higher number of spermatozoa retrieved by swim-up in both normozoospermic men and in patients with abnormal sperm parameters.
This was associated with an improvement of sperm mitochondrial function in patients with OAT. On this basis, the therapeutic use of MYO has been suggested in both in vivo and in vitro assisted reproductive techniques.
Accordingly, oral supplementation with MYO seems to improve sperm parameters. In particular, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study showed that patients with idiopathic infertility, treated for three months with MYO 2 g twice daily, had a significant increase of sperm concentration, total count, progressive motility, and acrosome-reacted spermatozoa.
Lycopene Lycopene is a constituent of the human redox protection mechanism against ROS.
Although few studies investigated its effects on sperm parameters, it seems to be a therapeutic choice in the treatment of idiopathic male infertility.
Furthermore, lycopene displays a protective effect against cryopreservation injury of postthawing human spermatozoa.
In fact, the addition of lycopene at a proper concentration to cryoprotectant reduces oxidative damage to sperm mitochondria in the freezing-thawing process, attenuates oxidative stress injury induced by ROS to sperm plasma membrane, and improves the antiapoptosis sperm ability.
Various lycopene supplementation studies conducted on both humans and animals have shown promising results in alleviating male infertility by decreasing lipid peroxidation and DNA damage and increasing sperm count and viability.
Improvement of these parameters indicates a reduction of the oxidative stress, and thus spermatozoa were less vulnerable to oxidative damage, which increases the chances of a normal sperm fertilizing the egg. Human trials have reported sperm parameter improvement and pregnancy rates with supplementation of 4—8 mg of lycopene daily for 3—12 months.
However, further detailed and extensive research is still required to determine the dosage and the usefulness of lycopene for male infertility treatment.
Astaxanthin Astaxanthin is natural occurring xanthophyll. Only one study described its effects on human male fertility.
A supplementation with 16 mg daily of astaxanthin in 30 infertile patients resulted in higher sperm linear velocity, better capacity of binding the oocyte in the hamster penetration test, and higher total and per cycle pregnancy rates compared to the placebo group.
Serenoa repens Serenoa repens saw palmetto is a natural product with anti-inflammatory properties, derived from the American dwarf palm. Currently, it is used to treat inflammatory symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and chronic prostatic inflammation.
Up to now, only a few and old studies have investigated its effects on sperm parameters. According to Ondrizek and colleagues, high concentration of Serenoa repens, Echinacea, or ginkgo inhibits human sperm motility.Table 3 Studies comparing the efficacy CAP In recent years, procalcitonin PCT for the treatment of CAP, using and prognostic biomarker in bacterial infections. Telithromycin 800 mg PO once daily for 5 d or 7 d has emerged as a useful diagnostic for 10 d No statistically significant.
Moreover, Serenoa repens does not have any effect on oocyte penetration and sperm DNA integrity, while other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ginkgo biloba, and Hypericum perforatum damage these parameters. On this basis, Serenoa repens does not seem to ameliorate sperm parameters.
Further studies are needed to confirm this conclusion.