Active Ingredients: Ciprofloxacin
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Generic drugs are same as brand drugs and contain same active ingredient.
Since they are the copies of brand drugs and do not require hefty amounts of finances to be invested in researching the molecule, they are less expensive and thus affordable for the poorer patients. In addition, it can lead to competition among pharmaceutical companies and in the absence of vigilance on marketing and sales promotion activities, it can lead to unethical practices.
Further to this, a category of systemic anti-infectives.
In this context, we designed a study targeting the above-mentioned therapeutic group which included antibiotics, namely, ciprofloxacin 500 mg, levofloxacin 500 mg, and moxifloxacin 400 mg, and documented the brand versus generic dispensing trend among the three drug molecules in the city of Karachi, Pakistan.
It was aimed at gathering response from different pharmacies regarding the brand versus generic dispensing trend for oral dosage forms of 3 rd generation FQL antibiotics, namely, ciprofloxacin 500 mg, levofloxacin 500 mg, and moxifloxacin 400 mg.
The scope of the study was to report the brand versus generic dispensing trend regardless of the prescribing patterns and patient demands for the said drugs.
Operational definition The study identified the following definitions for the terminologies used in the methodology: Brand drug A brand drug is a drug molecule developed a pharmaceutical firm after research and is patented for a number of years depending on the country's drug regulations.
They are available after the expiry of the patent period and are less expensive thus affordable for the poorer patients. ITOR is the number of times a particular drug stock is completely sold in the pharmacy.
Each pharmacy was represented by a pharmacy manager or owner.
All medical and drug stores, marts, general stores, and pharmacies without a pharmacist were excluded from the study. In addition, pharmacies which did not consent to participate in the study were also excluded from the study.
One response was gathered from each pharmacy.
Sampling technique The study employed convenience sampling and gathered data from tertiary care hospital pharmacies and large community-based pharmacies in four districts of Karachi, namely, Central, East, Malir, and West.
The reason to conduct a field survey in these districts was the presence of tertiary care hospitals and a large number of community pharmacies.