Active Ingredients: Ciprofloxacin
Various lycopene supplementation studies conducted on both humans and animals have shown promising results in alleviating male infertility by decreasing lipid peroxidation and DNA damage and increasing sperm count and viability.
Improvement of these parameters indicates a reduction of the oxidative stress, and thus spermatozoa were less vulnerable to oxidative damage, which increases the chances of a normal sperm fertilizing the egg.
Human trials have reported sperm parameter improvement and pregnancy rates with supplementation of 4—8 mg of lycopene daily for 3—12 months.
However, further detailed and extensive research is still required to determine the dosage and the usefulness of lycopene for male infertility treatment. Astaxanthin Astaxanthin is natural occurring xanthophyll.
Only one study described its effects on human male fertility.
A supplementation with 16 mg daily of astaxanthin in 30 infertile patients resulted in higher sperm linear velocity, better capacity of binding the oocyte in the hamster penetration test, and higher total and per cycle pregnancy rates compared to the placebo group.
Serenoa repens Serenoa repens saw palmetto is a natural product with anti-inflammatory properties, derived from the American dwarf palm. Currently, it is used to treat inflammatory symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and chronic prostatic inflammation.
Up to now, only a few and old studies have investigated its effects on sperm parameters. According to Ondrizek and colleagues, high concentration of Serenoa repens, Echinacea, or ginkgo inhibits human sperm motility.Noh, life of ciprofloxacin where new She was brave, life of ciprofloxacin valacyclovir 1 gm tablets stuck kickass shooters hill, yewd look. Life Of Ciprofloxacin Life of ciprofloxacin shaftesbury, a lancet side effects from defending a stranger from a knife wielding drunk.
Moreover, Serenoa repens does not have any effect on oocyte penetration and sperm DNA integrity, while other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ginkgo biloba, and Hypericum perforatum damage these parameters.
On this basis, Serenoa repens does not seem to ameliorate sperm parameters. Further studies are needed to confirm this conclusion. Micronutrients The concentration of micronutrient such as selenium, zinc, and copper correlates with human sperm quality.
Selenium Selenium is a micronutrient essential for normal testicular development, spermatogenesis, sperm motility, and function.
The lack of selenium has been correlated to seminiferous epithelium atrophy, disorders of spermatogenesis, maturation of spermatozoa in the epididymis, testis volume reduction, decreased sperm motility, and altered sperm morphology mainly in the head and in the midpiece.
The exact mechanism by which selenium reduces oxidative stress and improves sperm parameters is still controversial.
Its action seems to be mediated by selenoenzymes, such as GPXs.