Active Ingredients: Doxycycline
No source could be found for the Q fever in this outbreak.
Netherlands: From to, there have been 3,523 cases of Q fever in the Netherlands. Q fever abortions were registered on 30 dairy goat and dairy sheep farms between. The number of goats in the country quadrupled to more than 350,000 since 1995.
The outbreak is due to a single subtype of C.Reviews Doxycycline Tablets for Pets Doxycycline is a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic prescribed to treat various bacterial infections such as urinary tract and bladder infections.
In an effort to curtail the outbreak, 40,000 pregnant goats on 60 farms were culled. This outbreak raises several questions: Is it due to a more virulent strain of C.
Is there a tipping point in the ecological balance between goats and humans? Infection Control Issues Person-to-person transmission of Q fever is highly unusual, so isolation is not recommended.
There have been a very few cases transmitted following an autopsy on a person who died with Q fever and following delivery of an infected pregnant patient.
Rarely, sexual transmission has been documented. Only seronegative sheep or goats should be used, if these animals are part of experimental protocols.
Failure to do so has resulted in laboratory outbreaks of Q fever.
Coxiella burnetii should only be isolated in a level three biosafety laboratory, and any work with this organism should also be performed in this biosafety level laboratory.
A vaccine is available but not widely used. However, in endemic areas, workers in high risk occupations, such as abbatoir workers and veterinarians, should likely be immunized. Blood donations should not be accepted from those living in an area in which there is an outbreak of Q fever until at least 2 months following documented cessation of the outbreak.
Good animal husbandry is necessary for the control of Q fever. Aborting animals should be isolated for up to 14 days.
Products of the abortion should be handled using gloves and masks, and they should be buried or burned.
Feed bunks should be raised to prevent contamination by excreta. Consultation with government veterinarians is advisable.
Infected animals can be treated with tetracycline, but the effectiveness of this practice is unknown. What host factors protect against this infection? Younger age seems to be protective. In an outbreak in Switzerland, symptomatic Q fever was 5 times more likely to occur in those older than 15 years of age compared to those who were younger than 15 years of age.